To check if this plant is suitable for your garden first login to your account or subscribe. Tolerates heat and humidity. We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant. Chestnut blight was accidentally introduced into North America on Japanese chestnuts planted around 1876 with the aim of establishing commercial chestnut orchards, because the Japanese chestnut, a tree half the height of the very tall American chestnut (up to 100 feet/30 m), was thought to be a better choice for orchard culture. Chinese chestnuts bloom earlier than American chestnuts. of nuts. These Fall Draw Chinese Chestnuts have excellent resistance to blight. plants in your garden. Grow in moist but well-drained loam in full sun. Cultivation. Leaf spot , Phytophthora root diseases, Sign up for your FREE ACCOUNT today or login to receive detailed monthly care instructions. While the chestnuts are valuable for human consumption, they are also valuable as food for wildlife. If growing for edible nuts, plant more than one tree for cross-pollination. The mature heights of our nut trees for sale will vary from the smallest species of Chinquapins, often shrubby, to the giant tree of past American forests. The Chinese Chestnut, Castanea mollissima is also a close relative. Woman holding a book With a height typically ranging from 35 to 40 feet (about 9 to 12 meters) and a spread of 40 to 50 feet (about 12 to 15 meters), the Chinese chestnut tree's large, spreading canopy provides good shade. To produce nuts, you must plant two for pollination. Soil / Climate: Chinese Chestnuts prefer moderately acid, sandy loam soil. of 18m after 20-50 years. The shade of its spreading canopy is dense, providing relief in the hot, dry climates the Chinese chestnut does well in. Aesculus chinensis, commonly called Chinese horse chestnut or Chinese buckeye, is a rounded deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-40' (less frequently to 70') tall.It is native to forests, thickets, slopes, ravines and roadsides in northern China. A tree planted in 2005 in the tree library outside the USDA building was still very healthy seven years later; it contains 98% American chestnut DNA and 2% Chinese chestnut DNA. Their mature heights vary from the smallest species of chinkapins reaching from 2 to 8 meters (6.5-26 feet), to the giant of past American forests (Castanea dentata) reaching up to 60 meters (200 feet) in height, and 3.5 meters (12 feet) in diameter; Between these extremes are found the Japanese chestnut (C. crenata) at 10 m average; followed by the Chinese chestnut (C. mollissima) at … Mature Height/spread: 40-60 ft/40-60 ft. Nuts usually begin growing by the fourth or fifth year and ripen mid to late September through October. , Phytophthora root diseases The Chinese chestnut grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. This tree is very blight resistant, with a low branching, wide spreading growth habit. To add notes for this plant login to your account or register for a new account. All are stately trees, reaching about 100 feet (30-35 m) in height. It is drought-tolerant. Eventually after several decades the trees can reach a height of 40-60’ and a spread of 30’ and potentially produce 50 lbs. To add images for this plant login to your account or register for a new account. American Chestnut Tree (Castanea dentate) American chestnut trees are large deciduous trees that … I have been growing from the same group of Chinese chestnuts for years. For the American chestnut, 3 plants will ensure cross pollination. ©2004-2021 Shoot Limited. This tree contains enough Chinese chestnut DNA that encodes for systemic resistance genes to resist the blight. Chinese Chestnut (Castanea mollissima) Zones: 4-8. It is also susceptible to chestnut blight, but some varieties have proven to be more resistant than the American chestnut. Many gardeners growing Chinese chestnuts do so for the nutritious, low-fat nuts, but the tree itself is attractive enough to be an ornamental. In order to add a note on this plant, please add this plant Their mature heights vary from the smallest species of chinkapins, often shrubby, to the giant of past American forests, C. dentata that could reach 60 m. Between these extremes are found the Japanese chestnut (C. crenata) at 10 m average; followed by the Chinese chestnut (C. mollissima) at about 15 m, then the European chestnut (C. sativa) around 30 m. The tree requires well-drained soil and a warm climate. Landscapers plant the Chinese Chestnut as an ornamental, particularly in places where the sharp, prickly burs from the fruit will not cause discomfort to walkers and their pets. Sweet chestnut is a deciduous tree which can reach 35m when mature and live for up to 700 years. A prickly 2–3½" seed husk encloses 1-4 nuts. The reason being that the nuts (usually 3) are enclosed in a very spiny burr. The American Chestnut is a natural woodland species, favoured for its nuts, though it is increasingly rare in the wild. This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year. You'll also receive handy monthly email reminders of what needs doing. Sun Preference Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Wallack and his colleagues emphasized that planting trees of any kind is a long-term commitment. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. View Map. Create your free SHOOT garden and make a record of the plants in your garden. The nuts fall to the ground when the burrs open up on the tree. The sweet-tasting nuts are often roasted for holiday eating and have been made famous in turkey stuffing recipes across the country. The bark is grey-purple and smooth, and develops vertical fissures with age. Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. At least two different Chinese chestnut trees are needed to ensure adequate pollination. This is a nut-producing tree, yielding nuts for human and wildlife consumption. The Chinese Chestnut is also grown for its nuts. In ideal conditions, slow to medium growth rate of 12″ to 24″ per year. Read on to learn how to grow Chinese chestnut trees. As the American chestnut struggles with disease, the blight-resistant Chinese chestnut is quick gaining popularity. This tree is native to northern China and Korea. Other common names: Chinese Chestnut. Soil Preference The horsechestnut grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well-drained and clay soils. Chestnut trees are of moderate growth rate (for the Chinese chestnut tree) to fast-growing for American and European species. Is this a dwarf variety? Mature Height/spread: 40-60 ft/40-60 ft. Tree Size height 40' - 60' Bark Flower Twig and Buds This non-native species produces spikes of creamy white flowers in … The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. But this is more than a nut tree. They belong to the same family as oaks and beeches. Chinese chestnuts (Castanea mollissima) grow to about 40 feet tall in sunny areas. The flowers of Sourwood can be mistaken for chestnut at a distance. Add your own photos, notes, get monthly email reminders on how to care for your plants, and Castanea mollissima (Chinese chestnut) will reach a height of 18m and a spread of 18m after 20-50 years. Should be planted in pairs or groups to ensure pollination. to your plant lists. Spacing should be about 30 feet between trees and rows. It slowly grows to a height of 40 to 60 feet tall at a rate of 2 to 3 feet annually. Chinese Chestnut Castanea mollissima The Chinese Chestnut is a medium sized tree that produces a sweet tasting chestnut for consumption. The chinese chestnut can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–8. Soil / Climate: Chinese Chestnuts prefer moderately acid, sandy loam soil. Notes: The Chinese Chestnut tree ishighly blight resistant. A 30 x 30 spacing would allow for 48 trees/acre while 28 x 30 would be 51 trees/acre. account. It typically thrives in Full Sun and has a 12-24 inches growth rate per year. The tree has both a height and spread of about 20 feet, and it yields more than half a bushel of chestnuts every season. Enter your details below and click 'Subscribe' and you'll have a free Shoot account. Asian gardeners have cultivated chestnuts for centuries. We offer several species of chestnut or hybrid cultivars for zones 4 to 6. connect with other gardeners. Enjoys full sun. Grow in moist but well-drained loam in full sun. Drought Tolerant, Architectural, Specimen tree. Chinese chestnut is resistant to chestnut blight which has almost wiped out the American chestnut. With a 50-foot spread and a 40-foot height, Chinese chestnut trees have extensive limbs with numerous blossoms requiring ample amounts of pollen. Notes: The Chinese Chestnut tree is … Yields a ripened nut crop mid/late September through October. Long-stalked, deciduous, palmate green leaves have serrate margins. Answer this question Similar products Sweet Chestnut Maraval. It has a lifespan of 200 to 800 years, depending on the species. Fall Draw Chinese Chestnut is a fast growing tree reaching heights of 40’ to 60’. The trees were driven to near-extinction by a lethal fungal pathogen that became known as the chestnut blight, introduced into New York in 1905 on exotic Chinese chestnut seedlings imported from Japan. Get expert info and easy to follow monthly care reminders for the plants in your garden by signing up for a free Shoot account. Both chestnut and hazelnut trees have a high pollination complexity deficiency, so it is best to plant them in groups, choose at least two kinds if possible. Those backcross hybrid trees (15/16th hybrids) which leaf out and bloom earlier than native KY American … This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. This tree likes hot and dry climates and grows well in zones 4 to 8; soil should be well-drained, acidic … Suggested uses. It can take as long as 8 to 10 years for a chestnut tree to … The Chinese chestnut grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. The four main species are commonly known as European, Chinese, Japanese, and American chestnuts, some species called chinkapin or chinquapin. In ideal conditions, slow to medium growth rate of 12″ to 24″ per year. Note: We are working to update our ratings. All rights reserved. Heavy clay soils should be avoided. I've read that Chinese Chestnut trees grow up to 20m tall. The Chinese Chestnut Tree (2 Pack) does well or is tolerant in Well-Drained Clay, Loamy, Sandy soil. It produces an abundant crop of sweet chestnuts every year without fail, as they bloom well after the chance of frost. Make sure you give a Chinese chestnut tree plenty of vertical and horizontal space. Features simple, alternate leaves that are 3–5" in length and dark green in color with a toothed margin. To become a Shoot member visit the main Shoot website. The Chinese Chestnut Tree (2 Pack) grows well in USDA Hardiness Zones 4-8. Create your free Chestnut trees should be planted in soil with good drainage. Pruning chestnut trees … Green leaves turn to yellow, gold and brown in autumn. Tolerates heat and humidity. £48.90 * See details Sweet Chestnut Belle Epine. Create a free SHOOT account and get instant access to expert care advice for this and other Established trees tolerate dry conditions. The Chinese chestnut tree is planted as a specimen tree and a shade tree, as an ornamental and for chestnut production. To add ? These are catkins fully developed with burs that are ready to be pollinated. There are 9 different species of chestnut native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Get started now. The nuts are large, meaty, crisp, and sweet, although less sweet than American chestnuts. The leaves are dark green with a toothed margin and 3-5″ long. Thanks Kee. Yet within 50 years, almost every American chestnut tree was dead. Noteworthy Characteristics. Very drought tolerant. Chinese Chestnut. The other native trees that bloom late in the year around the same time as American chestnuts are Black Locust and Sourwood. Thanks for your patience. The Chinese chestnut grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained, and clay soils. to your lists, login to your account or subscribe. Established trees tolerate dry conditions. Chinese chestnut height (Kee Leung) Hi, The final height stated looks fairly short. Begins to bear nuts in 4–5 years if grown from seed. C. mollissima - C. mollissima is a vigorous, spreading, deciduous tree with oblong to oval, toothed, glossy, mid-green leaves, softly downy beneath, and, in late spring, pale yellow flower catkins followed by edible nuts encased in spiny burs. Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Yellow in Autumn, Leaf spot It was introduced in 1853 and 1903. Chestnut is deciduous tree in the Fagaceae family; genus: Castanea. Drought Tolerant, Architectural, Specimen tree. These cultivars are complex crosses of American chestnut with Chinese and Japanese chestnut. Castanea mollissima (Chinese chestnut) will reach a height of 18m and a spread Very drought tolerant. In ideal growing conditions, it will produce nuts in less than 10 years. The other North American member of the genus, the American chinquapin, also known as dwarf chestnut (C. pumila), is found throughout much of the eastern and southern United States.It ranges in size from a small shrub to a tree up to 14 metres (46 feet) high. Once full grown they can reach a height of 40-60 feet and 40-60 feet in spread. Chinese chestnut trees may sound exotic, but the species is an emerging tree crop in North America. Provides dense shade with a handsome, spreading canopy. Chestnut tree pruning can keep a tree healthier, create a more attractive tree and increase nut production. Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) trees reach a height of 40 to 60 feet. Chestnut trees grow just fine without pruning – up to 48 inches (1.2 m.) per year – but that doesn’t mean that cutting back chestnut trees is a waste of time. The mighty Chestnut tree grows from 50 to 100 feet tall and can average up to 5 feet in diameter when fully mature. Has wood that is very durable and resistant to rot. Chinese chestnuts would not be the ideal shade tree for a play yard. Will ensure cross pollination ensure cross pollination what needs doing on to learn to., notes, get monthly email reminders on how to grow Chinese chestnut tree is to! 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